Here in the USA, Occupational Therapists use the OCOCCUPATIONAL THERAPY PRACTICE FRAMEWORK.
It is an official document of the American Occupational Therapy Association (AOTA). It is intended for occupational therapy practitioners and students, other health care professionals, educators, researchers, payers, and consumers. It is a Framework for practice and interrelated constructs that describe occupational therapy practice.
Occupational therapists are skilled in evaluating all aspects of our human daily occupations, client factors and performance skills, the habits and patterns of our human performance in the context a client lives. Occupational therapy practitioners recognize the importance and impact of the mind–body–spirit connection as the client participates in daily life. Knowledge of the significance of relationship between the practitioner and client and meaningful and productive occupations form the basis for the use of occupations as both the means and the ends of interventions (Trombly, 1995). This knowledge sets occupational therapy apart as a distinct and valuable service (Hildenbrand & Lamb, 2013) for which a focus on the whole is considered stronger than a focus on isolated aspects of human function.
Occupational therapists evaluate, analyze findings and plan a customized intervention together with their clients and revise treatments as needed. The Movement Clinic has developed an intake and an evaluation form that is based of all the human occupations.
To be able to provide skillful services, ongoing learning and consulting current research is critical. Occupational Therapists include “Knowledge translation” and “Evidence Based Practice” in their daily practice.
American Occupational Therapy Association (2014). Occupational therapy practice framework: Domain and process (3rd ed.). American Journal of Occupational Therapy, 68(Suppl. 1), S1– S48. http://dx.doi.org/10.5014/ajot.2014.682006
Trombly, C. A. (1995). Occupation: Purposefulness and meaningfulness as therapeutic mechanisms (Eleanor Clarke Slagle Lecture). American Journal of Occupational Therapy, 49, 960–972. http://dx.doi.org/10.5014/ajot.49.10.960
Hildenbrand, W. C., & Lamb, A. J. (2013). Health Policy Perspectives—Occupational therapy in prevention and wellness: Retaining relevance in a new health care world. American Journal of Occupational Therapy, 67, 266–271. http://dx.doi.org/10.5014/ajot.2013.673001
Occupational Therapists also use Models for their clinical reasoning and practice.
The Movement Clinic embraces the conceptual models like
- Model of Human Occupations (MOHO)
- Canadian Model of Occupational Performance and Engagement (CMOP-E)
- Kawa Model
- The Feldenkrais Approach
- Person-Environment-Occupation (PEO) model
and translates the concepts into daily clinical practice.